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What You Need to Know About Bowel Obstruction

Bowel obstruction occurs when the small or large intestine is partially or completely blocked. As a result, foods, fluids and gas will not move normally through the intestines. This can cause severe pain if it is not properly treated. The causes of this obstruction depend on the part of the intestine. If it happens in the small intestine, possible causes are tissue scar (adhesions), hernia, tumor and Crohn’s disease. If it’s in the large intestine, possible causes are simple constipation, or serious illnesses like inflammatory bowel disease.

Bowel obstruction is a serious illness with varied causes. It might help us to determine the symptoms involved so we will know when to come to the doctor. It is also important to be familiar with the treatment as well as the prevention. Here’s an overview:

Symptoms

If we experience nausea, vomiting, bloated abdomen, abdominal aches, fast breathing, and rapid pulse, we might have a small intestine bowel obstruction. If the symptoms include diarrhea, rectal bleeding, constipation, bloated abdomen and abdominal aches, we might have a large-intestine bowel obstruction.

Treatment

If the doctor confirmed that it is a partial bowel obstruction, we can consider the insertion of NG (Nasogastric) tube. A tube will be inserted through the nose that will pass through the stomach. This procedure can get rid of excess gas from the intestines and the stomach in general.

However, if we have a complete obstruction, surgery is the only treatment. Surgery can remove or repair the affected intestine caused by tumor, tissue scarring, cancer, etc.

Prevention

Prevention is possible if we change our lifestyle. We should begin with the food we eat. For example, we should eat a balanced diet (low in fat, high in fiber and plenty of fruits and vegetables).

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