If you are ready to start your training with oil paint, you will need tools different from that you use for watercolor and acrylic. You do not need to buy the most expensive items or professional-grade tools just yet, but you can start with student-grade materials.
These are the most important items you will need to start oil painting.
• Oil Paint
Buy a painting kit that contains a pack of several oil paints, because these are usually more affordable than single-color products. For a beginner, you will need the following colors: cadmium red, permanent alizarin crimson, cadmium yellow, cadmium yellow light, ultramarine blue, ivory black, and titanium white. Some artists, however, do not advise getting an ivory black paint and encourage mixing of colors to achieve grays and darks instead.
• Brushes and Palette Knives
You will be using a separate set of paint brushes for oil from your watercolor and acrylic brushes, because oil paint can easily destroy some of them. You might have to spend extra money on quality, durable brushes in different sizes. You must have at least a pair each of round, filbert, and flat brushes; with sizes 2, 6, and 12. You could get sizes smaller or bigger than those listed here as well as other types of brushes if you think you need them. The palette knife is also ideal for mixing and applying paint directly on the canvas.
• Palette and Jars
Any type or size of palette will work for oil, as long you choose one that has a surface for mixing the paint. You will also need at least two pieces of ceramic or plastic jars for cleaning your brushes and storing your mineral spirits or turpentine.
• Mineral Spirits or Turpentine
Oil paint on your brushes cannot be cleaned off with water alone, instead, you will need solvents such as turpentine and mineral spirits to thin out the paint. There are mineral spirits that are odorless and easier to handle than turpentine and paint thinners.
• Oil Medium or Linseed Oil
While mixing oil paint, you will need to add linseed stand oil or a painter’s medium. It will act as a diluting solution, pretty much like water acts as a thinner to watercolor. It has the same function of turpentine and mineral spirits, but the oil medium is more useful for achieving an ideal paint consistency and texture.
• Rags, Newsprint, and Apron
Oil painting is messy, so you will need rags and newsprint to protect other items in the room while you’re painting. You should also wear an apron to protect your clothes, because the oil paint is difficult to remove.
• Painting Surface and Easel
You can paint on any surface besides on a pre-stretched canvas as long as you treat the material first with gesso. You might also want to invest on an easel if you’re planning to paint on canvas, because they will make painting easier.
Out of all the essentials to keep our home or office running, electricity is obviously one of the most important. When something goes wrong with the electric system, it can be very dangerous. That is why it is important to seek help from the professionals and immediately call electrician services when problems arise.
Fortunately, no matter where you are in Singapore, there are companies that can provide electrical service. Even at the dead of night!
Problems you may face with electricity
A power failure, for one, can occur because of different reasons. It could be because you’re using power way above your supply’s capacity, or the power simply out in your area of the city. Regardless, it is still ideal to not meddle with your electrical system. In times like these, it’s also best to have a home electric handyman ready on contact, especially if you don’t know the reason behind the power outage.
Most electric service companies also have a 24 hour electrician ready to deploy. This is because with electricity, literally, anything can happen. Some rodents might have nibbled on your electric wires or there may be water that accidentally leaked through an outlet without you knowing. These things may pose a threat to our lives and we might not notice it. But luckily for us, there is a residential power line troubleshooter in Singapore ready to answer our calls at any time of the day. Whether it is a simple power trip or a new line installation, a licensed electrician is your best option.
The importance of electric services
Just like with everything else, we won’t have much problems with our electrical works if we know how to maintain it well and not overwhelm our power supply. You might like to talk with a commercial electrical contractor to gain knowledge and information about proper maintenance of your electrical system.
Electrical works are very complicated and amateur intervention with an electrical system posts a lot of risks. In these situations, a licensed electrician is the best man to call. He knows how to read blue prints of electrical components, he is able to install power point switches, and even trace the flow of electricity through the cables. This is why it is so important to hire a professional electrician. For quality work and guaranteed safety, you should definitely call a certified electrical worker.
Also, take note that there are differences between certain electricians. Residential linemen set up and maintain electrical wires that run from power plans to homes and residential properties. A cabling technician, on the other hand, installs and maintains cable television and internet services. This is a good thing to know when you’re trying to call an electrician for a certain type of job.
To fix and connect electric wires are not the only things electricians do. They are responsible for so many more, even our own safety. You could say that electricians even risk their lives to do their jobs. In our time, where the use of electricity is vital for our daily endeavors, the importance of electrician services cannot be highlighted enough.
Who hasn’t dreamt of staying forever young? We all want to stay as if we’re forever this age: agile, carefree and of course looking fresh.
But once those wrinkles start to show, even a line or two can cause a frenzy deep within you. You second-guess yourself, if you still don’t look your age – but this time older than you are.
So get ahold of yourself and go easy. Here are a few tips to help you prevent those wrinkles from ruining your self-esteem one line at a time:
1. Stay hydrated
Cliche as this may sound, those eight glasses or more really do their job. Not only of keeping you healthy, but it also has a delightful side effect of keeping you wrinkle free. It helps keep you beautiful and young from deep within. You might also want to up your coconut water and green tea intake as they help eradicate toxins from your body. Especially on summer, sunny days could actually speed up your body’s usage of moisture. So you might want to stay as hydrated as you can amidst the summer heat.
2. Befriend antioxidants
If you aren’t aware yet, antioxidants effectively combat free radicals which are always present in our environment. These free radicals damage our skin and are typically found in pollution and toxins. Antioxidants combat them and what’s even more good news is we have ready sources of these helpful wrinkle-fighters. Blueberries, spinach, kale, artichokes, walnuts, cranberries, prunes, beans and kiwi are all good sources of Vitamins A, C, E and beta carotene also known as our helpful antioxidants.
3. Switch to nontoxic moisturizers
If you find your bureau containing almost every kind of age-defying or miracle moisturizers, you might want to take a break from them first. Switch to naturals instead. Try using oils instead of lotions and creams. Coconut oil helps in reducing age spots, wrinkles and cellulites. But if you have an oily face, try Argan oil to moisturize. It is also an effective anti-inflammatory. Jojoba grapeseed and olive oil also do well as moisturizers, depending on your skin type. Make sure to check first which skin type you have so you don’t end up worsening your waterloo. Safety first, before all our beautifying efforts.
4. Quit smoking
Do we have to enumerate how your lungs primarily benefit from this step? Your wrinkles also do a double take if you finally stop this unhealthy habit. Wrinkles result from aging, and every cigarette you smoke speeds up the process. Smoking also makes your skin dry and robs it of its luster. Basically it’s harmful both inside and out. So stop smoking and you’ll find yourself with healthier, younger glowing skin.
No matter how often you clean your car, there always comes a point when the freshness fades and other odors kick in. You ward off unpleasant odors but sometimes you could only do so much.
So to spare you from over-exerting yourself, here are a few tips to help you maintain the clean-smelling aura of your car.
1. Spray an odor-neutralizer
When odors get extra aggressive and they just keep coming back, make sure you have extra measures such as odor neutralizers to combat them. Don’t use your car immediately after spraying though, as these sprays can get overwhelming right after they disperse to the air. Let your car stand for around 5 minutes after spraying the neutralizer, with your air conditioner running. This spreads the spray evenly so it doesn’t spike your nose when you get inside the car. Spray only an estimated amount proportionate to the intensity of the odor, as excess sprays take too long to blend with the air.
2. Clean the dashboards
Anything that might cause drippings can cause odors when they accumulate on surfaces. So make sure you don’t let those sticky liquid rings stay too long on your dashboards if they ever spill. Make it a habit to check your dashboards before leaving your car to park for the night.
3. Utilize glass cleaner
Keep your windows and windshield clean as they may accumulate particulates from the air, causing faint smells unpleasant to the nose.
4. Beat out floor mats
Keep your floors clean by constantly taking out floor mats and beating them clean of particulates that might fall off during your day. Food and other matter might cause odors when left too long on your floor mats. So take them out constantly, as mud could also contain smelly matter that might pollute your car.
5. Vacuum regularly
Make sure surfaces under your floor mats are also free from odor causing matter. Keep them squeaky clean as often as you can, so they don’t bother you with unpleasant odors while on your trip to work or long drives outside the city.
Nothing beats cleanliness in our surroundings, even inside our cars. Clean surfaces exude only clean smells, so keep that proportion as often you can. Not only are your passengers happy, but your lungs would be too. Minimize the cause of odors, and you’ll find you spend lesser for air fresheners in the long run. Keep your car as minimalist as possible in terms of unnecessary items and litter, and you’ll have an easy round of cleaning next time.
So for your next long drive, you’ll have a great time singing along in the car because of its clean and fresh smell.
In the fast-paced world of industry, it’s important to know where everything is going and how long it will take to get there, and in Singapore, getting your cargo from one destination to another usually involves hiring a freight forwarder to organise shipment, plan the route, and book the cargo with the designated shipping company for you.
But because anything can happen while the cargo is with your freight forwarding partner and goes through either air freight or sea freight, it’s even more important to keep an eye on where the shipment is going, that’s where tracking and tracing comes in.
Tracking Software and Cargo Visibility
The freight company relies on tracking software and documentation to keep track of shipments. Before everything else, it is important to acquire a bill of lading, which is a legal document between the carrier and the shipper. It is a detailed list of the goods being carried, written in the form of a receipt. Hence, it is very important in times to import and export goods.
Cargo is usually placed in a container which belongs to the cargo transportation company. A freight forwarding agent gets regular updates with the company’s equipment office regarding the transportation carrier and its whereabouts.
One of the methods that makes cargo tracking possible is through data sharing and Electronic Data Interchange messaging to different Customs, Port, and Principal offices. With updated and accurate EDI messaging, cargo handling is usually managed and accounted for.
Getting Real-Time Updates
Real-time updates on your cargo’s condition and current location should be made available to you through different means available, such as logistics companies’ websites, or your email address.
While you can easily get in touch with international freight services, keep in mind that this may also include a lot of changes in the documentation, and you may need to regularly fill out information with your forwarding company to keep the information updated.
When the shipment finally arrives to its destination, you should also be notified for pick-up, and the information and details should be given to you accordingly.
Planning and Logistics
Freight forwarding services also offer logistics service, which largely involve planning, load handling of goods and coordination of the route for your cargo, whether overseas or just within Singapore. Your freight broker will work closely with the shipping company that carries your cargo to keep you notified on any changes of its route.
As a logistics company, forwarding services also have the means to inform you of shipping fees, to know the best routes for your cargo, and update you on where your cargo is at.
This means planning transportation routes for your cargo and checking for regular updates can now be done at home or work, as real-time updates are now easily possible with freight forwarding thanks to advanced systems such as GPS and internet tracking.
Be sure to talk to your freight forwarder on getting the latest tracking methods available for your cargo.