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How to Help Someone Having an Epileptic Seizure

Most people would not know what to do the first time they see someone having an epileptic seizure, even if it is not uncommon among children and the elderly. The person experiencing the seizure will have no control over their body and will be dependent on how the others will react, that is why it is essential that you know what do in case it happens to a friend or relative.

Be familiar with the type of seizure

There are three types of seizures you should know, but you need to be able to tell the difference between a focal seizure and a generalized or convulsive seizure. Focal or partial seizures are not as dramatic as portrayed in movies. The person is not aware of the surroundings but will have unusual and repetitive movements that may look like they are aware of their actions.

Generalized seizures on the other hand will begin with the person going stiff and unconscious before the convulsions happen. They will most likely lose control of their bowels or bladder, bite their tongue, and have irregular breathing. You have only a few seconds to recognize these symptoms because you need to act right away.

Focal seizures

Some people might still be standing upright or walk around while having a seizure, so guide them to a safer place away from danger. They might hurt themselves if you don’t stay with them, but do not restrain them forcefully. Attempt to make them stay conscious by reassuring them someone is there to assist them by talking calmly.

Once they are recovered, fill them in on what happened then try to give them food and water. Consider it an emergency and call for help immediately if the seizure has been going on for more than 5 minutes or if it is the first time you recall seeing that person having a seizure.

Generalized seizures

Do not let the person’s head hit the ground or an object. Cushion the head and wait they have recovered. If possible, make them lie on their side to aid in the breathing, but do not try to restrain their movements by holding down their arms and legs. To avoid them biting their tongue, place an object in their mouth they can bite into, but do not try to move them unless they have difficulty breathing. Do not attempt to “wake” them up but wait until they have fully recovered.

Do not attempt to make them eat or drink while they are having convulsions because they could choke. Don’t do a CPR if you see they can’t breathe, because they will eb able to breathe after the seizure. Make sure to time how long the seizure is because you will need to call emergency if it lasts for more than 5 minutes. If they suffer another seizure and have not yet recovered from the first, call for help.

Tips on Caring for Succulent Plants

Succulents are quite popular these days because they not only make beautiful ornamental house plants, but they are easy to grow and care for. However, these hardy plants also need expert love and care to grow healthy and vibrant.

Here are tips for those who want to care for succulents in their small apartment.

  • Always use containers with drainage. The best material for a pot to grow succulents is terra cotta, but you can use ceramics or plastic as long as there is a hole at the bottom of the pot. This will allow excess water to drain from the soil.
  • Do not keep the succulents in their original pots. Sometimes the sellers are not aware of the specific soil types that are best for the plants, especially if you bought them at a supermarket. Transfer the plants into terra cotta pots with absorbent planting soil.
  • Consider the size of the pot when transferring the plant. Remember that the smaller the pot, the less chance for the plant to grow, similar to how bonsai are grown. Plants take the shape and size of the container they are planted in.
  • Water the soil, not spray the plants. Spraying will not deliver the needed water to the soil, so use a watering tool that can deliver the water directly.
  • Use only the type of plant soil that has quarter-inch particles. The finer the particles in the soil, the better the drainage. One common mistake in growing succulents is soaking the soil in too much water. When you buy a potting soil at a flower shop in Singapore, look specifically for succulent-friendly type.
  • If you can only find gardening soil, you can modify it for succulents by mixing perlite or pumice. Alternatively, you can also make a mixture of crushed granite, pine bark fines, and turface to the gardening soil.
  • Succulents need a minimum of six hours of sunlight daily. This means your small garden should get plenty of sunlight daily, preferably in the mornings. If you do not have a yard or a balcony facing the sunlight, place the succulents on windowsills where it can get sunlight.
  • Watering should only be done when the soil looks dry. Never ever water a succulent if the soil is still moist or damp. Ideally, wait for five days after you water the plants before you can water them again. Five days is the average for succulents, but it also depends on the volume of the pot and how fast the water drains from it.
  • Extreme weather conditions are bad for succulents. But you don’t have to worry about them dying in a Singapore climate. They can stay healthy with plenty of sunshine outdoors and occasional watering. If the weather is going to be too hot, however, you can move the plants inside your home to provide a bit of shade.

4 Side Effects of Intermittent Fasting You Need to Know

While losing weight without having any restrictions on your diet may sound too good to be true, you won’t always get the benefits you want from it or even decide to follow through with it after a few weeks.

In the case of intermittent fasting, there are a few setbacks that come with not eating at all for a specific time period every day, and this may or may not work for you depending on different factors, such as your current lifestyle and dietary choices.

Be sure to watch out for these five side effects that may come with intermittent fasting:

  1. Overeating

If you choose to go on intermittent fasting just because you can lose weight while eating anything you want, keep in mind that there’s a little more to fasting than that.

This is because it’s not only really difficult to trick yourself into not eating, but your body is also really good at conserving calories and “making up for lost calories” when it can – especially when you’ve just gone through a long period of fasting.          

  • Intense food cravings

During the start of your fasting, it’s harder to keep your mind off of food when you’re hungry, and if you’re on intermittent fasting, it makes you crave certain sugary and fatty foods even more.

This is arguably the worst part about intermittent fasting, but there are a number of ways to get around that, such as drinking more water or even adding more protein to your diet.

  • Lowered energy

During the first few weeks of intermittent fasting, your body is not yet adjust to not having as much fuel as it used to. Aside from feeling lethargic throughout most of the day, this also means you’re more likely to tire easily.

However, you can still try to burn more calories even with only light physical activities, as well as give you a quick energy boost to get over your lethargic state in the early morning.

The good news is that this is that even though you feel slightly more tired at the start, it doesn’t always last. Your energy will eventually return as your body adjusts gradually to having more limited fuel.

  • Mood swings

Starting on intermittent fasting can cause serious hunger pangs, which can result in mood swings during your usual meal times. This is because of the hormone “ghrelin” secreted by the brain, which is responsible for making you feel hungry.

You’re also most likely to encounter this spike in the morning if you have to push your breakfast back, since your stomach is not yet used to running empty at this time.

4 Gorgeous Ways To Spruce Up Walls Without Painting Them

Even though paint is the first thing you think of when re-decorating any space at home, it’s rarely as hassle-free as you think: painting is smelly, messy, and really time-consuming, even if you know what you’re doing.

The difficulty also increases depending on the surface you’re painting, so if you’re dealing with any ceilings or wooden pallets, you’re in for a longer and more difficult time than you expected.

But the good news is that paint is not the only way to add some more color or style to your HDB flat in Singapore. In fact, here are a few ways you can do it without reaching for a single paintbrush:

            1. Add wall tapestry

Tapestries are a great way to incorporate designs and patterns into your home, and if you have a room that’s usually cold most of the time, having a piece like this will definitely work great in terms of adding a warmer atmosphere.

What’s even better is that you don’t have to spend a lot for this – all you need is a drop canvas cloth and a permanent marker to start making your own designs.

            2. Tape decor

If your space is boring, you can add a little more excitement by using tape to make a repeated pattern while also covering up holes caused by picture frame hangers.

For best results, use Washi tape, which is a really durable type of tape made from Japanese rice paper. Washi tape is also easy to remove despite its durability, so you don’t have to worry about scraping any adhesive off of your walls.

3. Fabric

There are many ways to dress up walls using fabric, whether it’s gluing them to walls like wallpaper (hint: use starch on the back of the fabric) or directly stapling them without the need for adding new curtain rods.

And if you want to save even more while decorating, you can ditch the separate fabric for flat bed sheets, which not only come with their own prints and designs, but are also much cheaper than buying new cloth by the meter.

            4. Photo wall

Do you happen to have a knack for photography? Does your camera’s SD card have so many photos of your family members and friends having fun that you’re dying to use for a collage? Well, here’s your chance!

Simply print them all out and arrange them on your wall in a way that resembles old bricks, the trick to which is making sure they are printed at the same size and arranged neatly, and be sure to use Washi tape to make them easier to stick.

Alternatively, you can even achieve this effect if you have a postcard collection – show off the sights!

A Beginner’s Guide to Living the Minimalist Lifestyle

If you’ve heard the term at least once, there’s a good chance that you’ve heard it associated with architecture and interior design, where having only the barest of arrangements can truly be aesthetically pleasing to the eye.

But minimalism as a concept is applicable not just to design – it also works on a person’s outlook and lifestyle.

Why Go Minimalist?

Minimalism is a tool that lets you strip away the excess things that don’t bring value to your life, allowing yourself to focus on the things that you think are the most important or happen to enjoy the most.

This is great not just for getting rid of the physical things in your room or home that you don’t need anymore. If you find that your life is currently too full of things that are holding you back, then minimalism is definitely for you.

Getting Started on Minimalism

Minimalism is a great way to cut down on the things in your life that you find are simply taking up space without doing anything, and leaves you with room for the things you really need or enjoy having. Here are a few steps on how you can get started:

  • Give yourself a clear, personal goal. What does minimalism mean for you? What do you want to achieve with it? Focus on what you’re really passionate about doing, and write down the steps you can take to achieve your goals.
  • Use the 90-90 rule. Take a look at a particular item you own. Have you used it in the last 90 days? Will you be using it in the next 90? If your answer to either question is no, you won’t miss it too much.
  • Start re-using. You can really start cutting down on spending when you start re-using or repairing things instead of throwing them away. By finding ways to use what you already have, you don’t have to keep buying new things all the time.
  • Invest in things that don’t break or wear down easily. Things that don’t break or wear down easily is where minimalism can be initially expensive, but they can definitely be worth the investment.
  • Learn to live with less. You don’t have to jump right into a minimalist lifestyle all at once, but you do have to learn how to be content with the things you already have. You may have to give yourself a week or two to get used to it.
  • Give yourself room for error. This is the most important – everyone makes mistakes, and minimalism is an ongoing process. When you do, remember why you’re doing this in the first place, take a deep breath, and try again.

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